We are independent & ad-supported. We may earn a commission for purchases made through our links.
Advertiser Disclosure
Our website is an independent, advertising-supported platform. We provide our content free of charge to our readers, and to keep it that way, we rely on revenue generated through advertisements and affiliate partnerships. This means that when you click on certain links on our site and make a purchase, we may earn a commission. Learn more.
How We Make Money
We sustain our operations through affiliate commissions and advertising. If you click on an affiliate link and make a purchase, we may receive a commission from the merchant at no additional cost to you. We also display advertisements on our website, which help generate revenue to support our work and keep our content free for readers. Our editorial team operates independently of our advertising and affiliate partnerships to ensure that our content remains unbiased and focused on providing you with the best information and recommendations based on thorough research and honest evaluations. To remain transparent, we’ve provided a list of our current affiliate partners here.

What is the Cost of Sales?

Malcolm Tatum
Updated May 16, 2024
Our promise to you
SmartCapitalMind is dedicated to creating trustworthy, high-quality content that always prioritizes transparency, integrity, and inclusivity above all else. Our ensure that our content creation and review process includes rigorous fact-checking, evidence-based, and continual updates to ensure accuracy and reliability.

Our Promise to you

Founded in 2002, our company has been a trusted resource for readers seeking informative and engaging content. Our dedication to quality remains unwavering—and will never change. We follow a strict editorial policy, ensuring that our content is authored by highly qualified professionals and edited by subject matter experts. This guarantees that everything we publish is objective, accurate, and trustworthy.

Over the years, we've refined our approach to cover a wide range of topics, providing readers with reliable and practical advice to enhance their knowledge and skills. That's why millions of readers turn to us each year. Join us in celebrating the joy of learning, guided by standards you can trust.

Editorial Standards

At SmartCapitalMind, we are committed to creating content that you can trust. Our editorial process is designed to ensure that every piece of content we publish is accurate, reliable, and informative.

Our team of experienced writers and editors follows a strict set of guidelines to ensure the highest quality content. We conduct thorough research, fact-check all information, and rely on credible sources to back up our claims. Our content is reviewed by subject-matter experts to ensure accuracy and clarity.

We believe in transparency and maintain editorial independence from our advertisers. Our team does not receive direct compensation from advertisers, allowing us to create unbiased content that prioritizes your interests.

The cost of sales involves the identification of the expenses that are related to the manufacturing process. In particular, it addresses the expense associated with purchasing raw materials that are necessary to produce the products sold by the company. Sometimes referred to as the cost of goods sold or COGS, this number is often used as a means of determining the overall cost of creating the finished products that generate revenue for the company.

In terms of calculating the actual cost of sales, the data required to make an accurate assessment appears on the income statement for the company. Along with the cost of materials needed to produce a finished product, there are also other factors that figure into the overall number. While not every company will include the same elements in their calculation, there are several types of expenses that are highly likely to classified in this manner regardless of the size of the business enterprise.

Along with the cost of raw materials, the cost of sales usually will include any labor costs associated with producing the products sold by the business. Labor costs would include wages, tips, and the cost of benefits such as accrued vacation time and health insurance. Employees who are directly involved in the production of the finished goods, such as assembly line workers, are just about always included. In some instances, the salaries of supervisors are also included in the calculation.

The cost of sales also often will include marketing, sales, and promotion expenses as well. This can encompass such expenses as the cost of maintaining in-house sales staffs, or the costs associated with outsourcing marketing and promotions functions to a public relations or advertising agency. Broadly speaking, this means that not only costs directly associated with production, but also costs associated with attracting consumers can also be properly considered to be part of the total.

Many corporations take the information provided by calculating the cost of sales very seriously. The mechanism can be a strong indicator of how much profit will be generated by each unit produced and sold by the company. At the same time, tracking this number can also be a powerful tool in managing available resources more responsibly, so that a maximum return utilizing a minimum or resources can be maintained.

SmartCapitalMind is dedicated to providing accurate and trustworthy information. We carefully select reputable sources and employ a rigorous fact-checking process to maintain the highest standards. To learn more about our commitment to accuracy, read our editorial process.
Malcolm Tatum
By Malcolm Tatum
Malcolm Tatum, a former teleconferencing industry professional, followed his passion for trivia, research, and writing to become a full-time freelance writer. He has contributed articles to a variety of print and online publications, including SmartCapitalMind, and his work has also been featured in poetry collections, devotional anthologies, and newspapers. When not writing, Malcolm enjoys collecting vinyl records, following minor league baseball, and cycling.
Discussion Comments
By anon128314 — On Nov 19, 2010

Marketing freebies and promotions are part of cost of sales as mentioned above. how it is presented in the income statement? is it a deduction to revenue or should it be added to the normal direct costs which are attributable to the generation of the product?

By anon109004 — On Sep 05, 2010

can you provide us the costs involved in sales promotion?

thank you.

By LivHappyr — On Jul 27, 2010

Cost of Goods Sold is a very, very important term for accountants, especially those employed by large manufacturing corporations. The purchase cost of each product you buy at the store has a COGS price as a base price, plus other costs like mark-up, to reach that shelf.

Most consumers don’t think about what is involved with the cost for that item; we simply look for the lowest out of pocket cost.

Malcolm Tatum
Malcolm Tatum
Malcolm Tatum, a former teleconferencing industry professional, followed his passion for trivia, research, and writing...
Learn more
SmartCapitalMind, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.

SmartCapitalMind, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.